Dali > Newar > Duhim Dhyapa > Tamang 681. Munankarmi > Newar-Kshatriya > Shrestha/Sheshya 70. 423. Pradhananga > Newar-Kshatriya > Shrestha/Sheshya Brahmans and Chhetris will accept medical help from any available source, whether it is an Ayurvedic doctor (a specialist in herbal medicine), a passing Buddhist lama with a reputation for effective medicines, a shaman who prescribes treatment after going into a trance, or a practitioner trained in modern scientific medicine. Thandar > Tharu 13. 305. A boy's head is shaved at about 7 years of age (a small tuft of hair is left on the back as a sign that he is a Hindu), and he is formally initiated into full caste membership when he receives the sacred thread, either at the time of the haircut or a few years later. 501. Sarki > Dalit > Mijar 545. Orientation 554. Khulal > Khas-Chhetri 222. Nepalese boys may have their middle names like Prasad, Bahadur, Maan, Kumar, Ratna, Mani, etc. Bardiya > Tharu 616. 715. this is not accurate,Bhandari is title given to those who are treasurer, keeper of a storehouse. 453. 352. Dargarcha > Sunuwar 248. Syangtang > Tamang Hellok > Limbu Bhotgamiya > Tharu 1 (Feb., 1987), pp. 286. 372. 0000001700 00000 n In 1854, early in the period of Rana rule, a National Legal Code (Muluki Ain) was proclaimed that laid out detailed codes for inter-caste behavior and specified punishments for their infringement.[11]. 484. 713. Rajopadhyaya > Newar-Brahman > Rajopadhyaya Devabhaju Brahman They are the largest ethnic group in 15 districts of Nepal. 414. Brahmans may act as family priests (for Brahman and Chhetri households, but not for other castes and ethnic groups), as well as officiate at shrines and temples and at rituals associated with major festivals. In 1963, a law (New Muluki Ain-1963) was passed making it illegal to discriminate against other castes led all castes to be equally treated by the law. With the exception of Thakuris, the self-proclaimed aristocrats among the Chhetris who practice matrilateral cross-cousin marriage, cousin marriage is not practiced. Gharti/Gharti > Khas-Chhetri Simkhara > Bahun > Bharadwaj (Kumai) Chami > Newar-Dalit > Chami 130. Early marriage characterizes this ethnic group. 617. Koirala > Bahun > Maudgalya (Purbiya) Chand > Thakuri To find your choice, press Control+F and type the surname to see which caste/community/ethnic group and sub-caste/clan it falls under. The Bahun is the second largest ethnic group in Nepal accounting for 12.2% of Nepalese. Since the code's revision in 1963, the Mulki Ain treats all citizens equally under the law. Only Brahman males may act as priests, but much of the daily household puja (worship) is done by women. 391. 346. 28. Ektinhang > Limbu 178. Their origins are from the of Himalayan belt of South Asia. Rajput > Tarai-Hindu > Rajput 598. 230. 97. 347. 462. Ojhatanchhe > Newar-Kshatriya > Shrestha/Sheshya Brahmans and Chhetris are often landowners. It is the location where all the Khas people started from. They perform the religious virtuoso and come from the background of notable and knowledgeable scholar backgrounds. Likhim > Limbu The majority of the Chhetri (99%) belong to the Hindu religious group while the remaining minority is Buddhists. 153. 393. 560. 240. 1. 83. Balami > Newar > Balami 172. Some examples of them are: The west part of Nepal consists of varied people and populations with a different tradition that they have followed passed on from their origin. Nepal's Downtrodden: A nation struggles to find the way to relieve 4.5 million Dalits from the stigma of "untouchability". Sitaula > Bahun Retrieved April 27, 2023 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/brahman-and-chhetri-nepal. Terai Brahmins bears surnames as Jha, Mishra, Pandit, Tiwari. [23] In terms of education, 88.0% of Khas Brahmins & Chhetris, and Newars have access to school, 12.0% have never been to school. Marwadi/Marwari > Tarai-Hindu Bania/Baniya > Tarai-Hindu > Vaishya Change), You are commenting using your Facebook account. For one year a monthly shraddha ceremony is performed. I). 452. Their simple, mostly undecorated houses reflect this lack of artistic bent. Maski > Magar 628. Saksena/Saxena > Tarai-Hindu > Kayastha Pethegimbang > Limbu Ravanrajghariya > Tharu Dhanuk > Tarai-Hindu 582. 473. Chaulagain > Bahun > Bharadwaj (Kumai) 349. The mother tongue of these groups is Kumaoni, Nepali and its dialects like Baitadeli and Doteli. 419. Jauhari > Tarai-Hindu > Kayastha Bachhgoti Chauhan > Tarai-Hindu > Rajput Bahun . Chyame > Newar-Dalit > Chyame 0000002155 00000 n London: Asia Publishing House. Mabuhang > Limbu At her first menstruation a girl is removed to another house, where she is shielded from the sight of any men in her family and from the sun. Rituals in addition to those mentioned above (under Socialization and Marriage) include worship of the household god (kuldevta ), worship of brothers by sisters (bhai tika, celebrated during Tihar), and daily (morning and sometimes evening) worship of various of the Hindu deities, including Ganesh, Shiva, Vishnu, Ram, Krishna, Saraswati, Durga, Parvati, Narayan, Bhairab, and many others. 580. 597. Their homeland in India from ancient times was know, ETHNONYMS: Tamilarkal (Tamil people), Tamilian Bhul chhetri ra dalit kasari bhaya yo bisayama thap samagri bhaya janakari pauna hajur. Prengel > Magar > Pun Land Tenure. Palung > Limbu 1. 232. Surname > Caste/Community/Ethnicity > Clan/Sub-caste/Gotra 1. Hitchcock, John T. (1978). Bamanayata > Sunuwar Arjal/Arjyal/Arjel/Aryal > Bahun > Atreya (Purbiya) 587. 27 Apr. Upadhyaya and jaisi are two ranks in both bahuns. 193. 350. Initially, the gurus and the readers of the ancient scriptures and Sanskrit texts of knowledge, have now almost been transformed to a simple state of living. Mahant > Tharu Sotange > Rai Hiski > Magar Encyclopedias almanacs transcripts and maps. Sangraula/Sangroula > Bahun > (Purbiya) 343. 635. Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar. 88. 61. Chik > Muslim Putwar > Newar > Duhim 677. 18. Bote > Tharu as ) the word is used chiefly for Krishna (protector of the world) is used chiefly for a Rishi ( 559. 210 0 obj <>stream Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Chitauniya > Tharu 51. Learn how and when to remove this template message, " , ", "Brahmins and Chhetris land most government jobs", "Brahmins and Chhetris continue to dominate entry into civil service", 2011 Nepal Census, District Level Detail Report, "Girija Prasad Koirala: The architect of democracy in Nepal", "CPN Maoist Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal elected as 39th Prime Minister of Nepal", "Prachanda elected Prime Minister of Nepal", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bahun&oldid=1152538337, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from October 2020, All articles needing additional references, "Related ethnic groups" needing confirmation, Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles lacking reliable references from May 2021, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0, This page was last edited on 30 April 2023, at 21:11. Brahmins are the second largest caste group in Nepal (31% of the population), with the Chhetri (Kshatriya) being the first (42%). Pudasaini > Bahun > Kaushik (Purbiya) Like Sanskrit, the language from which it is descended, Nepali is written in the Devanagari script, which is a syllabary rather than an alphabet. Nepali Brahmin surnames have always been a part of Nepalese introduction since ancient times. Acharya > Bahun > Kaudinya (Purbiya) 2. Dhital > Bahun > Kaushik, Gautam (Purbiya) Sharma, Prayag Raj (1971). Dhungana > Bahun > Kaushik (Purbiya) Based on context, The word ( /) symblizes 3 things, = (Cow) , (Earth), (Veda), : = = (these words mean samething). 0 The information that can be simply put, shows that the Brahmins who made their home in the Eastern part took the name of Purbeli. Kandariya > Bahun Kanphatta > Newar > Jogi The majority of Bahun are Hindu, with a significant number of others being Buddhists. Pathak > Bahun > Kaushik, Bashista (Kumai) 472. The civil service representation to population ratio is 3.2 times for them which is fourth in Nepal. 318. 241. In ancient times they were the only teachers who would guide and make the knowledge accessible to the people from the races of kings to commoners. 67. Gotra means subdivisions of the castes represent more close relations of family. Pant > Bahun > Bharadwaj (Kumai) 450. Khati > Khas-Chhetri Bhetwal/Bhetuwal > Bahun > Garga (Kumai) Dev > Newar-Brahman > Rajopadhyaya Devabhaju Brahman 589. Brahmins belonging to the typical Nepali background with Nepalese originality are called Khas Brahmins. Laeden > Tamang 694. Dhuniya > Muslim one, the Rishi (Atreya, Kaundinya, etc.) Why Bajgain brahmins write Jaishi as surname instate of Bajgain? Awasthi > Bahun 624. More than fifty (52.0%) of Hill Dalits, 47.0% of the Tarai Dalits, 48.0% of the Muslims and 30 percent of the Hill Adivasi Janajatis have never been to school. If a joint family is dissolved before the senior parents die, a woman is entitled to a share of her husband's property. 104. 498. Angthupuhang > Limbu Magar > Magar 633. To find your choice, press Control+F and type the surname to see which caste/community/ethnic group and sub-caste/clan it falls under. Both sexes work in the fields, but overall women spend more hours per day in agricultural and domestic labor than men. xb```9, (1U ,0sTX00,Q`tjfaRU#.jz6[Q)nNMtLgvMi4pa3a6Umh :z*KLX| 255. Sarbhang/Sarbariya > Tarai-Hindu Silwal > Khas-Chhetri 458. Lohar > Dalit > Bishwokarma 53. 124. Someone whose death appears to be imminent is taken to a riverbank to die, as all rivers are considered sacred. Phengdi > Magar > Ale 176. These values were seen as a potent instrument of Rana political repression. Bahun (Hill/Khas Brahmin), Chhetri (Khas Kshatriya), Thakuri (Nepali Royalty) and Khas Dalits (Oppressed Khas) are the members of Khas (Parbate) society. 371. 695. 73. 540. 0000025188 00000 n Bahuns are the local Nepalese who practice Vedic or Brahmin traditions. 412. In Nepal, the era of multiparty democracy has brought for the many scholars,and larger numbers of politicians . 696. As far as i know there are 3 bahuns: upadhyaya, Jaisi and kumai .I think the hierarchy is Upadhyaya, Kumai and jaisi.. And yes, there is discrimination among the tier. Humagain/Hamyagain > Bahun They have become major decision makers in the bureaucracy of Nepal has become crystal clear. 361. 579. If these major three communities (upper-caste Khas (Bahun & Chhetri) and upper-caste Newars (Shresthas) or the 'BCN' combine their shares in the Government of Nepal, civil service employment is . Upreti/Uprety > Bahun > Maudgalya (Kumai) Deepening Democracy: International Labour Organisation Convention 169 and Nepal's Democratic Transition, Nepal: Towards a Democratic Republic: Caste, Ethnicity and Inequality in Nepal, Material from this site has been borrowed for this article with the permission of Dr. Vepachedu, Interview with Ian Martin: Caste-Based Discrimination in Nepal, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Caste_system_in_Nepal&oldid=1146471589, Manandhar/Syami/Teli (oil-pressers and brewers), Pahari/Nagarkoti (farmers from outskirts), Khadgi, Naye, Kasai (butchers and musicians), Dyala, Pod, Chymaha/Chamhr (sweepers, fishermen), "Namasinya Matwali" (Non-enslavable Alcohol Drinkers), Newar - Hindu Panchthariya Srsthas and Buddhists Gubhaju/Bar (, "Masinya Matwali" (Enslavable Alcohol Drinkers), "Pani Na Chalne Chhoichhito Haalnu Naparne" (Water-unacceptable but touchable), "Pani Na Chalne Chhoichhito Haalnu Parne" (Water-unacceptable and untouchable), Nancy E. Levine. 45. Rajak > Tarai-Dalit > Dhobi Among these, Bahuns in Parbat (35.7%), Arghakhanchi (32.8%), Dhading (30.9%), Chitwan (28.6%), Kaski (27.8%) and Gulmi (25.2%) consist more than 25% of the district population. 705. 611. Gauchan > Thakali In terms of earning/income generation, Newars have the highest per capita income of Rs. 586. 136. 408. 39. Brahmins were believed to have been wise and powerful with their knowledge. 228. 296. Chaelengarten > Tamang Shrestha > Newar > Pachthariya Shrestha/Sheshya 128. 245. 213. Kochila > Tharu Dom > Tarai-Dalit > Dom Khan > Tharu Still, even though a bahun person marries a lower caste, he stays bahun and only the child is started being labeled as jaisi. Gotra means subdivisions of the castes represent more close relations of family. 488. 293. Bakharel/Bakhrel > Bahun 66. For Hindu Nepalis, children are named on the 11th day after they are born during a ceremony called. Shah > Thakuri 699. 270. At a minimum these include three notions. Basti > Bahun > Atreya (Purbiya) 227. 299. Suyal > Bahun The boy's family priest, in consultation with the bride's family, sets an auspicious date and time, based on the lunar calendar (several months of the year are inauspicious for marriage). Lohani > Bahun > Bharadwaj (Kumai) Pandey/Pande > Khas-Chhetri Thapa > Magar 638. Mother and child are considered polluting until the eleventh day after birth, when a purifying ceremony is conducted and the baby is given a name. Nepali Brahmin Surnames of the Terai Region have been listed below. Thakuri > Thakuri 79. Note: the above three words are compounds (Samsa) in Sanskrit and belong to -- category. Their dominance is reflected in education, administration and economical activities of the nation. 336. 651. As per the Public Service Commission, Brahmins (33.3%) and Chhetris (20.01%) were two largest caste groups to obtain governmental jobs in F.Y. Thulunge > Rai 175. Darlami > Magar > Thapa They are believed to have lived in Terai from the ages of their forefathers. Amgai/Amgain > Bahun The Varna class of Brahmin is specified as the highest caste class along with Chettris. Bahuns were able to hold government offices, administration and politics. Chitrakar > Newar > Pum 457. 144. Bahuns mainly served as priests, teachers and astrologers as per their caste. 2. Oli > Bahun > (Kumai) Kathayat > Khas-Chhetri 80. Tabdar > Tharu 17. Prindle, Peter H. (1983). 132. Similarly, girls also may add middle names like Kumari, Maya, etc. > Khas-Chhetri 267. 441. Sharma > Newar-Brahman > Rajopadhyaya Devabhaju Brahman [4] Bahun are the second largest Hindu group with a population of 3,212,704 (99.6% of Bahuns). Rana > Tharu Karki > Khas-Chhetri This form of Masto worship among the Khasas is apparently not related to any Vedic scriptures and tradition of the Gangetic plains of India, and seems more closer to pre-Buddhist Shamanistic Bon practice of Tibet. Pujari > Newar-Dalit > Pode Vedas comprise of literature composed of old layers of Sanskrit texts and Hindu scriptures. Samant > Khas-Chhetri 456. Lamichhane > Bahun > Kaushik, Garga (Purbiya) Satyal > Bahun > Kaudinya (Purbiya) 658. 629. According to 1854 Muluki Ain (Legal Code) of Nepal, Bahuns belong to sacred thread bearers (Yagyopavit) and twice born (Dvija) Hindus. Hindu is the dominant religion in Nepal with Buddhism also dominating portions of the ethnic groups. Tinglatar: Socio-Economic Relationships of a Brahmin Village in East Nepal Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar. 211. In Nepal, the issue of social and economic exclusion occupies a vital position in many development agendas that aim at reducing widespread poverty in the country. 209. Punglang > Limbu An astrologer also is consulted to ensure that the couple make a good match. GOTRA can be used as a surname, but it is different from a surname and is strictly maintained because of its importance in marriages among Hindus, especially among the higher castes. Ngarden > Tamang Karmacharyas and Joshis were all-together stripped off their Brahmin status by these new and arguably more well-read Brahmins, and assimilated them in the Kshatriya/Chathariya. In case the Upadhyaya brahmin marries outside of Upadhyaya Circle, the child of that couple is considered to be of Jaisi Varna. 455. 330. Kawar > Khas-Chhetri Raghubansi > Newar-Kshatriya > Shrestha/Sheshya Chavey > Sunuwar 15. 570. 404. With rituals and prayers to god to make the right choices as per the time and space. 615. Bhatnagar > Tarai-Hindu > Kayastha Lohorong > Rai 167. They are Saptarishis (, the famous 7 sages) - Kashyapa, Atri, Vashista, Vishwamitra, Gautama, Jamadagni, Bharadvaja, and the 8th is Agastya [1][2].There are 49 established Hindu gotras today[3] all of which are themselves or evolved from . 558. 700. Within the Cite this article tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Dangal > Bahun Thereafter an annual shraddha ceremony commemorates the person who has died. Rawat > Khas-Chhetri 321. Jijicha > Sunuwar Dhami > Khas-Chhetri 333. 475. 674. Bahuns or hill brahmins originated from the Indo-Aryan Khasa tribe of Nepal and South Asia. There are also many cast inside Limbu like Thangamba ,Thegim,Mabo,Para,Sherma,Singak,Sawaden,Khoyang,Khebang,Hellok etc you will find in our Nepal so on inside Chhetri,Rai,Tamang,Bahun. The residents east of the Mahakali river were known as Purbiya Bahun and west of the river were known as Kumai Bahun.Kumai or Kumain is a direct derivative of Kumaoni, meaning residents of Kumaon. Have been searching for some time but cant find anything. Rangrez > Muslim 687. Orientation They also handle all the rituals performed during marriage. 593. 238. 600. Encyclopedia of World Cultures. For example, Mann Maya Lama in which Mann is the first name, Maya is the middle name and Lama is last or surname. Instead, nature worship, shamanism and ancestor worship was more common in sync with Tibetan spirituality among the Sino-Tibetan groups. Chamar > Tarai-Dalit > Chamar Devlinga > Jirel [6] Similarly, in the fiscal 201819, Bahuns (24.87%) and Chhetris (9.63%) maintained 35% of their proportion in civil service as per Public Service Commission.[7].
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